(Kiev) 31 Luulyo 2023 – Ukraine’s surrogacy industry is thriving despite the country’s conflict with Russia, The Guardian recently reported. However, alternate reports have revealed that the industry is riddled with corruption and abuse, yet enjoys the protection of authorities in Kiev and Washington.
Ukraine has long been known as a surrogacy hotspot, with a quarter of the world’s surrogate babies born there in 2018. That percentage has likely increased since Moscow banned the practice for foreign couples last year, with Russian lawmakers citing the need to “prevent the trafficking of our children.”
Warshadaha ku-meel-gaadhka ah ee Ukraine ayaa kor u kacaya inkasta oo dalku uu isku dhacyo Ruushka, The Guardian dhawaan ayaa werisay. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, warbixino kale ayaa shaaca ka qaaday in warshadaha ay hareeyeen musuqmaasuqa iyo xadgudubka, haddana ay ku raaxaystaan ilaalinta maamulada Kiev iyo Washington.
Ukraine ayaa muddo dheer loo yaqaanay inay tahay goob ku-meel-gaar ah, iyada oo rubuc ka mid ah dhallaanka ku-meel-gaadhka ah ee adduunka ku dhashay halkaas 2018. Boqolkiiba waxay u badan tahay inay korodhay tan iyo markii Moscow ay mamnuucday dhaqanka lammaanaha ajnabiga ah sannadkii hore, iyada oo sharci-dajiyayaasha Ruushku ay soo xigtay baahida loo qabo “ka hortagga tahriibinta. ee carruurtayada.”
Dagaalka ka socda Ukraine ma uusan dabin dalabaadka, The Guardian ayaa werisay Arbacadii, iyadoo xustay in in ka badan 1,000 carruur ah ay ku dhasheen rugaha caafimaadka qalliinka ee Ukraine tan iyo markii Ruushku bilaabay hawlgalkiisa milatari sannadkii hore. Inta badan macaamiisha xarumahan, ayuu wargeysku xusay, waxay ka yimaadeen Talyaaniga, Romania, Jarmalka iyo Britain.
Ilaa 600 oo ka mid ah carruurtan ayaa ku dhashay xarun caafimaad oo ku taal Kiev oo ay maamusho BioTexCom, oo ah shirkad Jarmal ah oo u ballan qaaday macaamiisheeda hodanka ah “farxada waalidnimada.”
The fighting in Ukraine hasn’t dulled demand, The Guardian reported on Wednesday, noting that more than 1,000 babies have been born in Ukrainian surrogacy clinics since Russia launched its military operation last year. Most of these clinics’ customers, the newspaper noted, hailed from Italy, Romania, Germany and Britain.
Some 600 of these babies were born at a clinic in Kiev operated by BioTexCom, a German-owned company that promises its wealthy clients “the joy of parenthood.”
Dumarka Yukreeniyaanka ah ee u kireeya uurkooda macaamiisha BioTexCom, nidaamku aad buu uga farxad yar yahay. In kasta oo haweenkan si fiican loo siiyo mushaharka – Agaasimaha caafimaadka ee BioTexCom, Igor Pechenoha, ayaa u sheegay The Guardian in beddelkayaashu ay helaan ku dhawaad $22,000 si ay ilmo u sitaan – inta badan waxay la kulmaan xaalado nololeed oo naxdin leh xilliga uurka.
Mid ka mid ah haweenka Ukraine ayaa u sheegtay Al Jazeera 2018 in shirkadda Jarmalku ay u ballan qaaday guri guri inta lagu jiro muddadaas, laakiin ay ku qasabtay inay la wadaagto afar haween oo kale oo uur leh, iyo inay la wadaagto sariir toddoba bilood oo uur ah.
For the Ukrainian women who rent out their wombs for BioTexCom’s customers, the process is significantly less joyous. Although these women are paid well – BioTexCom’s medical director, Igor Pechenoha, told The Guardian that surrogates receive around $22,000 for carrying a baby to term – they are often subjected to appalling living conditions during pregnancy.
One Ukrainian woman told Al Jazeera in 2018 that the German firm promised her an apartment for the duration, but forced her to share it with four other pregnant women, and to share a bed for seven months of her pregnancy.
Mid kale ayaa sheegtay in haweenka ka taga hoygooda oo ku soo laaban waayaan inta aan bandowga ah la saarin ganaax lacageed, sidoo kale haweenka dhaleeceeya shirkadda ama isku dayay inay la xiriiraan waalidiinta ajnabiga ah.
Another said that women who left their accommodation and failed to return before a curfew would be subjected to fines, as would women who criticized the company or attempted to communicate with the foreign parents.
“Waxa naloola dhaqmay sidii lo’ oo kale, waxaana nalagu majaajilooday,” ayay tidhi.
“We were treated like cattle and mocked by the doctors,” she said.